This Note focuses on the mandate and work of the WTO Committee on Agriculture (CoA) with a view to providing summarised information and analysis that can help smaller developing and least-developed countries better understand the functioning of this key Committee and take part in its deliberations to promote their interests. The Note is divided into three parts. First, it provides information about the manadate of the CoA and how it delivers on the mandate. It then provides a summarised account of the discussions in the CoA on some key issues of interest to smaller developing and least-developed countries in the last year or so. Finally, the third part outlines the tentative agenda of the CoA for 2019 and the important issues where smaller developing and least-developed countries should participate actively.