Agriculture is the main sector supporting the livelihoods of a majority of East Africans. However, the contribution of the sector to GDP has been reducing in all the EAC Partner State as many turn away from the sector due to both production and supply constraints. The sector is dominated by small scale farmers and characterised by low investments. However, in the last decade, private capital is increasingly being injected into the sector. This has been mostly through large scale land acquisitions and agro-based industries to promote value addition as well as promote food security.