Following the Nairobi decision allowing WTO Members to consider negotiating some “new issues”, electronic commerce has received renewed interest in trade debates over the past few months. At this meeting, East African delegates to the WTO were briefed about the history and status of the WTO work programme on E-Commerce. They were also updated about stakeholders’ views on the matter in their respective countries.

Analyzing a panel dataset of recent bilateral trade flow between 30 developed and 21 middle- to low-income countries, this econometric study analyses to what extent does internet and E-commerce adoption by developing countries boost their export performance.

In order to inform the current debate and clarify what is at stake, this briefing paper reviews how e-commerce has been dealt with so far in the WTO and its relevant committees.