One of the remarkable results of COP23 was that it ended a long stalemate on agriculture in climate talks, by adopting an action-oriented work program on agriculture and food security. Under this Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture, the world agreed to work over the next few years on a series of issues linking climate change and agriculture, for which countries were invited to submit ideas by March 31, 2018. Upon a request from the Government of Burundi, CUTS facilitated this two-day workshop which culminated in the adoption of a Burundi submission to UNFCCC on the Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture.
According to the Koronivia decision, submissions were expected to address at least six items: (a) Modalities for implementation of the outcomes of the five in-session workshops on issues related to agriculture and other future topics that may arise from this work; (b) Methods and approaches for assessing adaptation, adaptation co-benefits and resilience; (c) Improved soil carbon, soil health and soil fertility under grassland and cropland as well as integrated systems, including water management; (d) Improved nutrient use and manure management towards sustainable and resilient agricultural systems; (e) Improved livestock management systems; and (f) Socioeconomic and food security dimensions of climate change in the agricultural sector.
Some of the key questions addressed during the discussions included: What are the needs in Burundi for developing early warning systems and contingency plans? What are the modalities for implementing the results of the five workshops? What are the required finances, technologies and capabilities in the areas covered by the workshops? What are the potential implications for the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism? What is needed at the international level to help Burundi carry out these actions with regard to food security and other socio-economic and threats?
Adopted National Submission
The adopted national submission suggests a number of actions which would contribute to better food security, enhanced capacities for women in agriculture, and accelerated agro-processing development in the face of climate change. Such proposed actions include: (i) setting up processing and preservation units for livestock products; (ii) establishing strategic food stocks; (iii) maximising nutrient uptake; and (iv) promoting early warning systems and agro-meteorology. The submission also recalls that agriculture provides 86% of Burundi’s export earnings, before outlining the threats posed by climate change on the sector. The final submission is available at https://goo.gl/dwLqbS