At these national meetings, participants will reflect on how to ensure that climate change, food security and trade are considered in agro-industrial development policies. Debates informed five advocacy campaigns towards this goal, whose main messages will be captured in national research studies to start soon. Participants were also briefed on the status of current multilateral trade and climate negotiations, where important international conferences will take place this year.
August 22, 2017 | East African Community (EAC)
BUY KENYA, BUILD KENYA POLICY
In Kenya, NRG members agreed that the following issues should be addressed in subsequent versions of the Buy Kenya, Build Kenya strategy. First, a legal framework should be created to encourage government agencies to procure their supplies locally. This calls for reviewing the Public Procurement and Asset Disposal Act to facilitate implementation of the Buy Kenya, Build Kenya Strategy. Second, the strategy should address the supply and demand side constraints in various value chains to improve the competitiveness of local products. Third, the government should provide necessary incentives such as reduction of taxes and creating an enabling environment in terms of regulation to improve the competitiveness and consumption of local products. Fourth, the State Department of Trade and other government agencies should focus on creating awareness among all citizens on the need to consume locally produced products. Finally, it is important to build the capacity of local producers to meet consumer preferences to increase local consumption.
IMPLEMENTING BURUNDI'S INDUSTRIAL POLICY
In Burundi, an advocacy campaign seeks to build capacities of the Ministry of Industry and Trade for developing coherent industrial policy implementation programmes that integrate climate change, food security and trade aspects. At this event, NRG members recommended an evaluation of Burundi’s industrial capacities, and that the upcoming industrial policy should be finalised in consultation with all stakeholders across the above-mentioned issues. Finally, securing supply of agricultural inputs should be a key concern in the agro-processing component of the industrial policy.
A NATIONAL AGRO-PROCESSING FORUM IN RWANDA
Following an introduction to the Rwanda advocacy campaign by the Country Director of ACORD Rwanda, participants discussed strategies and incentives to set up in order to boost agro-processing in Rwanda, including the establishment of a National Agro-processing Forum (NAPF). An internal advocacy group was set up, composed of ACORD, the researcher, as well as NRG members from MINEACOM, MINAGRI and the Private Sector Federation (PSF). The chamber of industry of PSF was designated as the campaign’s main target, since it is already included in the MINEACOM’s IDEC structure.
TANZANIA: REVIEWING THE SUSTAINABLE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY
Represented by Sekela Mwasela, Dr. Adelhem Meru, Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Investment recalled that the implementation of Tanzania’s Sustainable Industrial Development Policy (SIDP) has been so far supported by strategies and plans such as the Tanzania Integrated Industrial Development Strategy 2025. Nevertheless, He said that the Ministry acknowledges the need for the revised policy to recognize the unique aspects and importance of harmonizing industrialization and agro-processing. "In doing so, the county will have an industrial policy that takes into account the climate- vulnerability of the different sectors, prioritizing the industries that are affected by climate negative impacts," he said.
CONSULTATIONS TOWARDS RESEARCH STUDIES
In this session, participants discussed ToRs for upcoming studies in each country. These studies, expected to be released in August 2018, will be on the same topic and support ongoing advocacy campaigns in each country.
WHERE ARE MULTILATERAL NEGOTIATIONS HEADED?
WTO Negotiations: State of Play and Way Forward
The participants were briefed on the state of play in World Trade Organization (WTO), where negotiations on the remaining DDA issues continued during the 10th Ministerial Conference (MC10) in 2015 in Nairobi. The outcomes of MC10 with respect to the agriculture sector included immediate elimination of export subsidies by developed countries and by end of 2018 in developing countries. Export credits repayment period was reduced to 18 months with phased-in implementation over 4 years in developed countries. For least developed countries, the repayment ranges from 36 to 54 months. The demand to impose a numerical ceiling on the amount of monetization of food aid was excluded from the MC10 decision. Additionally, the MC10 decision prohibits providing in-kind food aid in situations where it is likely to disrupt local or regional production.
There was no substantive outcome on public stockholding for food security in MC10. Negotiations in this regard are on-going in dedicated sessions of the Agriculture Committee. Additionally, members are still pursuing negotiations for Special Safeguard Mechanisms (SSM) for developing countries. In the cotton sector, there was no concrete action/ outcome on domestic support. The rules of origin applying to preferential schemes for LDCs were specific but non-binding. Moreover, services waiver was extended to 2030 for LDCs. Regarding the post MC10 agenda, there is a strong commitment to advance negotiations on the remaining DDA issues. Development will be maintained at the centre of negotiations. Priority in negotiations is to be given to work where results have not been achieved.
Climate Negotiations: State of Play and Way Forward
The COP21 negotiations led to the signing of the Paris Agreement (PA) in 2015. Under the Agreement, each party develops and implements its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) for reducing GHG emissions. For instance, Kenya submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) in July 2015 and signed the PA in April 2016. Kenya’s INDC will facilitate reduction of GHG by 30% by 2030 through climate smart agriculture; development of appropriate technology that promote climate resilient development; climate information services; and enhance resilience in the tourism value chain among other strategies.
As a way forward, the UNFCCC negotiations will focus on implementation and actualization of the PA through transparency of action and support; regular reporting; enhanced ambition; and addressing losses and damage. In this respect, facilitative dialogue will be held in 2018, followed by global stock take in 2023.
Sekela Mwasela, Ag. Director Regional Integration at Tanzania's Ministry of Industry, Trade and Investment, lauded ESRF and CUTS international for supporting the review process of the Sustainable Industrial Development Policy (SIDP). Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. August 2017.