The UNFCCC Paris Agreement clearly recognises developing and least developing countries' need for support in coping with climate change, with some mechanisms already in the pipeline to that effect. On the eve of COP22, East African Climate Negotiators met in Marrakesh to discuss their stakeholders' perspectives on such international climate support mechanisms, including climate finance which would be a negotiating priority for developing countries at the COP22.
Trade concerns are increasingly discussed within the UNFCCC where for instance, Article 3.5 of the UNFCCC states that climate change measures should not pose a restriction on international trade. While the recent Paris Climate Conference did not explicitly address trade policy measures, the resulting agreement and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) may have several implications on trade that cannot be overlooked. Similarly, WTO negotiations on climate change revolve around eliminating trade barriers in eco-friendly goods and services. At this meeting, climate and trade negotiators met in Kampala, Uganda, in an effort to better coordinate their positions in these two fora.
Even if there is no explicit mention of agriculture in the Paris Agreement, a number of issues related to and affecting agriculture, such as food security and food production, have been consistently mentioned in the document. One of the main points of discussion at UNFCCC remains the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) as well as the agenda and missions of the APA. It is in this context that the 2nd EAC Climate Negotiators’ Forum met to discuss stakeholder perspectives on the INDCs and APA’s role.